Data Protection Law in Nigeria

Data Protection Law in Nigeria

September 17, 2019

Data is the new gold and as such should be handled with a lot of care to prevent abuse by both individuals and corporate entities.

A person who has control over people’s data has lots of power over them and so in other to protect the data of a natural person, Nigeria has advanced with the enactment of the “Data protection law of Nigeria”known as NITDA (2019). This law regulates the use of personal data by data controllers which in this context can mean a company.

The law strictly prohibits the company from transferring the personal data of its staff or a third party to another person and it also implores companies to protect same from identity theft, secured against all unforeseeable hazard such as against virus, cyberattack etc and, it must be adequate, accurate and without prejudice to the dignity of a human person.

It is pertinent that every company must adhere to this law and this is so because if they are found guilty of giving unauthorised data to a third party, criminal actions can be instituted against them and they may be required to pay a fine of up to N10, 000, 000 (Ten Million Naira) million or N2, 000, 000 (Two Million Naira) depending on the amount of data that is being controlled by the entity or they may forfeit either 2% or 1% of all their gross income of the preceding year, this is determined by the amount of data the company controls. Where the company controls data of over 10, 000, he would pay the former but where they control data of less than 10, 000 the latter would be the case.

 

 

 

The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only, no information contained in this post should be construed as legal advice, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included in, or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or professional advice from the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer. This post is protected by intellectual property law and regulations. It may however be shared using appropriate sharing tools provided that our authorship is always acknowledged and this Disclaimer Notice attached

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Frequently Asked

  • What additional documents do I require to file my Annual Returns?
  • Must my Company Secretary be a Lawyer?

    Although it’s ideal to have a lawyer as a company secretary, it is not compulsory for small private businesses.

  • What is an execution clause in a contract?

    This is the section in which the parties sign the contract or agreement.

  • Is there a penalty for late renewal of registration of products with NAFDAC?

    Yes, there is a late renewal fee, which is dependent on the category of the product.

  • Is it legal to transfer the personal data you obtained legally to another person?

    No, its not legal. This is because the law prohibits anyone from transferring the data of a third party to another person without consent from the third party to do same even if the data was rightfully obtained in the first instance.

  • What do I need for a trademark search in Nigeria?

    To do a trademark search you will need the name or/and logo (device) of the trademark to be searched and the Class of the trademark that accurately describes it.

  • Do I have to physically drop off my product sample at NAFDAC office?

    No, you can choose to have it sent to NAFDAC office

  • What is share capital?

    The share capital in a private limited company is the amount of money invested by its owners in exchange for shares of ownership.

  • Can I trademark my logo and name separately? Why is this a good idea?

    Yes you can. The advantage is that it gives you the opportunity to have more than one logo or the opportunity to change your logo easily as opposed to registering the name and the logo as one trademark.

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