What is a certificate of incorporation?

What is a certificate of incorporation?

July 23, 2019

A certificate of incorporation is certificate given by the corporate affairs commission and signed by the Registrar of the commission, signifying the recognition of a particular business entity or organization as a legal business operating within Nigeria.


A certificate of incorporation is given by the commission under the following circumstances;

  • After incorporation of a business name, company or incorporated trustee
  • Where an already registered company alters/ changes its name
  • When an already registered company undergoes a restructures that changes its type. E.g a change from a private company to a public company.

A certificate of incorporation needs no renewal its life span is the life span of the company. If the company is not removed from the list of registered company in Nigeria by the Commission for any reason such as long default in filing of annual returns, permanent cessation of business, winding up or any reason at all ,then the certificate of incorporation remains valid /and has no expiry date.

Contents of the certificate of incorporation

  • RC No: which means the registration number of the company
  • The name of the company
  • The date of incorporation
  • The stamp of the commission
  • The signature of the Registrar General

618bees offers a document safe keeping service. We have insured onsite and offsite fire resistant storage facility to ensure a proper and safe document keeping. Documents will be released to clients on request.

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Frequently Asked

  • Why must I file Annual Returns?

    It is a mandatory statutory requirement under the Companies and Allied Matters Act to file Annual Returns yearly. 

  • What’s the difference between a business name and an LLC?
    • A business name is a sole proprietorship, usually owned and managed by one individual only. Legally, the sole proprietor and his business are one. It simply means an individual trading with an alias. The sole proprietor is personally liable for all business related obligations.

    • A limited liability company on the other hand is a separate business entity from the individuals that hold its shares and act as directors. Legally, it’s a separate business entity and a person on its own who can transact business, own property separate from its owners and can sue or be sued. 

  • If I have NAFDAC Registration number, do I still need SON registration number?

    SON Product Registration scheme is mandatory for all SON’s regulated products as mandated by SON Act 56 of 1971, 20 of 1984, 18 of 1990 as amended.

    This is irrespective of the registration done by NAFDAC

  • what does copyright protect?
      1. Music, books, brochures and written materials.
      2. Photographs, drawings and illustrations.
      3. Films and videos.
      4. Logos and packaging.
      5. Computer programs and games.


  • What are the product categories available when registering with NAFDAC?

    The product categories include: Food, Cosmetics, Drug, Medical Device, Agro-Chemicals & Pesticide, Veterinary Products, Vaccines & Biologicals, Herbal and Nutraceuticals and Water

  • What is the first thing I must do to register a business in Nigeria?

    To register a business in Nigeria; you would need to conduct a name search of the business. You can achieve this using your CAC-CRP account.

  • What do I need for a trademark search in Nigeria?

    To do a trademark search you will need the name or/and logo (device) of the trademark to be searched and the Class of the trademark that accurately describes it.

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