What is a certificate of incorporation?

What is a certificate of incorporation?

October 19, 2018

A certificate of incorporation is certificate given by the corporate affairs commission and signed by the Registrar of the commission, signifying the recognition of a particular business entity or organization as a legal business operating within Nigeria.


A certificate of incorporation is given by the commission under the following circumstances;

  • After incorporation of a business name, company or incorporated trustee
  • Where an already registered company alters/ changes its name
  • When an already registered company undergoes a restructures that changes its type. E.g a change from a private company to a public company.

A certificate of incorporation needs no renewal its life span is the life span of the company. If the company is not removed from the list of registered company in Nigeria by the Commission for any reason such as long default in filing of annual returns, permanent cessation of business, winding up or any reason at all ,then the certificate of incorporation remains valid /and has no expiry date.

Contents of the certificate of incorporation

  • RC No: which means the registration number of the company
  • The name of the company
  • The date of incorporation
  • The stamp of the commission
  • The signature of the Registrar General

618bees offers a document safe keeping service. We have insured onsite and offsite fire resistant storage facility to ensure a proper and safe document keeping. Documents will be released to clients on request.

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Frequently Asked

  • What additional documents do I require to file my Annual Returns?
  • What’s the difference between a business name and an LLC?
    • A business name is a sole proprietorship, usually owned and managed by one individual only. Legally, the sole proprietor and his business are one. It simply means an individual trading with an alias. The sole proprietor is personally liable for all business related obligations.

    • A limited liability company on the other hand is a separate business entity from the individuals that hold its shares and act as directors. Legally, it’s a separate business entity and a person on its own who can transact business, own property separate from its owners and can sue or be sued. 

  • What are the benefits of Registering with SON?
    1. Product traceability in the Nigerian market
    2. Detection of counterfeit products
    3. Barriers to the circulation of substandard goods
    4. The official SON Product Registration Logo and number are displayed on registered products.
  • Can my kids be shareholders in my company?

    Yes your kids can hold shares in your company but there must be a minimum of two adult shareholders before kids can be included.

  • Can I trademark my logo and name separately? Why is this a good idea?

    Yes you can. The advantage is that it gives you the opportunity to have more than one logo or the opportunity to change your logo easily as opposed to registering the name and the logo as one trademark.

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